Université d'Orléans

4 - Actualités INEM

Ozone exposure induces respiratory barrier biphasic injury and inflammation controlled by IL-33.

Michaudel C, Mackowiak C, Maillet I, Fauconnier L, Akdis CA, Sokolowska M, Dreher A, Tan HT4, Quesniaux VF, Ryffel B and Togbe D.

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Jan 10. pii: S0091-6749(18)30028-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2017.11.044.

 

 

Ozone exposure induces lung barrier biphasic injury and inflammation controlled by IL-33.

Environmental air pollution leads to the release of reactive oxygen in form of ozone, which causes irritation of the airways leading to chronic bronchitis and emphysema.Tobge D and Michaudel C with the team investigate the effect of a single ozone exposure of mice (1ppm for 1h) and found a severe biphasic epithelial injury leading to acute inflammation and airway hyperreactivity, which is neutrophil and IL-33 dependent.Future studies are ongoing to investigate the effect of chronic ozone exposure on chronic bronchitis and emphysema found in patients.

 

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Conference March 26, 2018 - March 28, 2018  

Neurotransmitters: non-neuronal functions and therapeutic opportunities