Anti-Sexist and Sexual Violence Unit (CLVSS)
Prevent, raise awareness, train, listen, help and support.
The main mission of the Anti-Violence Unit is to prevent, to raise awareness and to train in order to fight against all types of violence (discriminations, sexist and sexual harassment, psychological harassment). Its second mission is to listen, help, guide and support members of the university community (students and staff members), whether they are victims or witnesses of violence.
Within the framework of this second mission, the Anti-Violence Unit receives records and transmits, if necessary, a report to the presidency for further action (internal investigation, protective measures, and disciplinary measures).The members of the Unit’s listening group are subject to professional secrecy and guarantee the anonymity of the victims. They are committed to respect the rules of confidentiality, professional secrecy, reserve and objectivity.
The law n° 2018-703 of 3 August 2018 reinforcing the fight against sexist and sexual violence qualifies sexist contempt as "imposing on a person any comment or behaviour with sexual or sexist connotations that either undermines their dignity because of its degrading or humiliating nature, or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive situation against them." This definition is thus similar to that of sexual harassment, with the difference that the requirement of repetition of the facts is not included, and that a single comment or behaviour can therefore characterize the offense.
A sexual assault can be characterised as “any sexual violation committed with violence, coercion, threat or surprise” (Penal Code, art. 222-22).
Sexual harassment can be represented as “the fact of imposing on a person, in a repeated way, comments or behaviours with sexual connotation which either attack their dignity because of their degrading or humiliating character, or create an intimidating, hostile or offensive situation against them. The use, even if not repeated, of any form of serious pressure with the real or apparent aim of obtaining an act of a sexual nature, whether this is sought for the benefit of the perpetrator or for a third party is also assimilated to sexual harassment" (Penal Code, art. 222-33).
The victim’s refusal does not have to be explicit, but can “result from the context in which facts have been committed, a cluster of clues may thus lead the judge to retain an objective situation of lack of consent" (Circular of 7 August 2012 accompanying the law on sexual harassment).
To qualify as sexual harassment, the behaviours must either undermine the dignity of the person ("openly sexist, saucy, obscene comments"), or create a situation that "makes living, working or housing conditions unbearable" (Circular of 7 August 2012 accompanying the law on sexual harassment).
In case of repeated actions, "the condition of repetition of the acts (...) simply requires that the facts have been committed on at least two occasions" (Circular of 7 August 2012 accompanying the law on sexual harassment). The fact of pressuring a person, even once, with the real or supposed aim of obtaining sexual acts, in exchange for a job, a promotion, the maintenance of benefits or on the contrary to avoid sanctions also falls under sexual harassment. This is what is commonly referred to as “sexual blackmail”.
According to article 225-1 of the Penal Code, a discrimination is any distinction operated between physical persons based on their origin, their sex, their family situation, their pregnancy, their physical appearance, their particular vulnerability resulting from their economic situation, whether the latter is apparent or known by the perpetrator, their surname, their place of residence, their health status, their loss of autonomy, their disability, their genetic characteristics, their customs, their sexual orientation, their gender identity, their age, their political opinions, their union activities, their ability to express themselves in another language than French, their membership or non-membership, real or supposed, of a specific ethnic group, nation, alleged race or religion.
According to article 222-33-2-2 of the Penal Code, harassing a person with repeated comments or behaviour with the aim or effect of degrading their living conditions by altering their physical or mental health is punishable by one year's imprisonment and a fine of €15,000 when these acts have caused a total incapacity for work of less than or equal to eight days, or have not resulted in any incapacity for work.
The offence is also characterized:
When these comments or behaviours are imposed on the same victim be several perpetrators, in a concerted manner or at the instigation of one of them, even though each of these persons has not acted repeatedly;
When these comments or behaviours are imposed on the same victim, successively, by several persons who, even in the absence of consultation, know that these words or behaviours characterise a repetition.
Any member of the academic community can make a report to the listening unit of the CLVSS by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
The unit, through the Equality Task Force Officer and the head of the Hygiene and Safety Department, will acknowledge receipt of the report. An appointment will be offered so as to listen and gather the necessary information to analyse the situation. The listening and guiding unit will also offer guidance to the victim about medical, social, psychological, and legal support. When necessary, the CLVSS will forward the elements to the Presidency of the University to take appropriate action (internal inquiry, precautionary measures, and disciplinary actions).
Forgotten Contraceptive Pill
- Doctors and nurses of the SSU can guide you in case you forgot your contraceptive pill.
Risk-Taking Regarding HIV, Hepatitis…
Have you had unprotected sex, or a broken condom? Did you share equipment with someone when taking products or substances?
You can visit the SSU during the opening hours for information, or go to the nearest Emergency services, if possible with the person with whom you were exposed. You will undergo a screening test and a preventive treatment will possibly be given to you in order to limit the risk.