Prevention, awareness campaign, training, listening, help, support.
The missions of the Unit for Action Against Sexist and Sexual Violence (CLVSS)
The first and foremost mission of the CLVSS is to run prevention and awareness campaigns, as well as to train people to address sexist and sexual violence. Their second mission is to listen, to help, to provide guidance and support to members of the academic community (students and staff), whether they were victims or witnesses of sexist and sexual violence. Within the framework of this second mission, the CLVSS will receive people, gather information, and when necessary notify the Presidency of the University to proceed with procedure (internal inquiry, precautionary measures, disciplinary actions).
The members of the CLVSS' listening and guiding unit are bound by professional secrecy and ensure the victims' anonymity. The members of the CLVSS' listening and guiding unit are committed to respecting the rules of confidentiality, professional secrecy, circumspection, and objectivity.
The n°2018-703 law of 3 August 2019 further combating sexist and sexual violence defines offensive sexist behaviour as "sexual or sexist comments or behaviours imposed to someone either prejudicing their dignity due to their degrading or humiliating nature, or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive situation". In this way the definition is similar to that of sexual harassment, but without the condition that the behaviour be of a repetitive nature, and so one comment or behaviour can be an offence.
Sexual assault can be defined as "any sexual act committed with violence, coercion, threat, or surprise" (see Code pénal [criminal code], art. 222-22).
Sexual harassment can be defined as "repeated sexual or sexist comments or behaviours imposed to someone either prejudicing their dignity due to their degrading or humiliating nature, or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive situation Any use of severe coercion, even not repeated, with the real or apparent goal of obtaining a sexual act, whether sought for the perpetrator or for another, shall be treated as sexual harassment" (see Code pénal, art. 222-33).
The victim's rejection does not need to be explicitly stated, but can "appear from the context in which the offence was committed, evidence leading the judge to consider an objective lack of consent" (circulaire of 7 August 2012 submitted with the law regarding sexual harassment).
To be considered sexual harassment, the behaviours must either prejudice the dignity of the victim ("openly sexist, bawdy, obscene comments or behaviours"), or create a situation in which "life, work, or housing conditions are unbearable" (circulaire of 7 August 2012 submitted with the law regarding sexual harassment).
In the case of repeated actions, "the condition for repeated acts (...) simply requires at least two instances" (circulaire of 7 August 2012 submitted with the law regarding sexual harassment). It is also considered sexual harassment to pressure someone, even only once, with the real or supposed aim of obtaining sexual acts, in exchange for employment, a promotion, maintaining benefits or on the contrary to avoid sanctions. This is commonly called "sexual blackmail".
How to report sexist and sexual violence related to the University
(during classes, internships, students parties, on social networks...)
Any member of the academic community can make a report to the listening unit of the CLVSS by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org. Depending on the wishes of the individual making a report, the report to the CLVSS may be accompanied by a report form (see below). The unit, through the officer of the equality task force and the head of the hygiene and safety service, will acknowledge receipt of the report. An appointment will be offered so as to listen and gather the necessary information to analyse the situation. The listening and guiding unit will also offer guidance to the victim about medical, social, psychological, and legal support. When necessary, the CLVSS will forward the elements to the Presidency of the University to proceed with procedure (internal inquiry, precautionary measures, disciplinary actions).
▼ Report form ▼
To report sexist and sexual violence unrelated to the University
► Signaler un viol ou une agression sexuelle [To report a rape or a sexual assault] (Ministère de l'Intérieur) [Ministry of the Interior]